AIDS: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
ART: Antiretroviral therapy – the drugs that treat HIV
ARV: Antiretroviral – the class of drugs used for ART
CD4: One of the two kinds of proteins on the surface of human cells. The HIV virus grabs onto that protein to infect the cell. CD4 protein is present on CD4 cells, which are important to immune system function.
CD4 count: the number of CD4 cells (CD4 T lymphocytes) in a sample of blood. For people living with HIV, this count is a measure of how well the immune system is functioning. A higher count is better; people living with HIV who have a CD4 cell under 200 are at risk for developing serious illness.
HIV: Human immunodeficiency virus
PICT: Provider Initiated Counseling and Testing for HIV. When a health care provider suggests HIV testing to a patient.
PrEP: A drug regimen that people at very high risk for HIV take daily to lower their chances of getting infected.
VCT: Voluntary Counseling and Testing for HIV.