AMR: Antimicrobial resistance – the process by which bacteria develop immunity to antibiotics and other things that are supposed to kill them
Antibacterial: Anything that kills bacteria. Includes things like isopropyl alcohol and triclosan, as well as antibiotics.
MCR-1: plasmid mediated colistin resistance – A gene that makes bacteria immune to the effects of colistin, a dangerous, last-resort antibiotic used with patients whose bacteria are resistant to all other drugs.
MIC: minimum inhibitory concentration – the lowest concentration of an antimicrobial drug that will inhibit the measurable growth of bacteria
NDM-1: New Delhi Metallo-beta-lactamase-1 – a gene that causes production of an enzyme that nullifies antibiotics as they approach bacteria, making bacteria immune. Bacteria that have the gene for NDM-1 can share it horizontally with bacteria that don’t.
A public service announcement to lose with: don’t buy or use antibacterial soaps. They’re no more effective than regular soaps, and they contain chemicals that are most likely bad for both your family and the environment.